Valuable Tool for Your Pet's Health: Genetic Testing
Genetic Testing For Mixed Breed Pets. The words "genetic testing" and the determination of what breeds were in the genetic componants of “mixed breed dogs”.
The obvious advantage of genetic testing is the ability to immediately reduce puppy loss from devastating diseases such as juvenile dilated cardiomyopathy in PWDs. Genetic testing allows breeders, based on careful breeding practices, to prevent the production of an affected puppy and a gradual selection away from this disease over several generations. There is nothing more devastating to a pet owner than taking home a beautiful new PWD puppy only to have this puppy die suddenly from this disease at such a young age. The emotional toll that this tragedy takes on the entire family as well as the breeder is immense. With genetic based tests like this, breeders can identify healthy carrier animals so that they can make careful breeding decisions in order to avoid tragedies such as this for pet owners. Pet owners, in turn, can use these tests to help find breeders who are working to identify and prevent diseases like this in their dogs.
Unfortunately, breeders can not look into a crystal ball and predict that a puppy they produce will never get sick. However, an educated breeder can discuss with a new puppy buyer the most common inherited diseases in their breed and their line. A buyer should be concerned when during a discussion like this, a breeder states that they have no health concerns in their dogs and so have no need to perform genetic testing. This should hint to the buyer that the breeder is either not very forthcoming with health information, or does not know about the health history of their lines. A puppy buyer, in turn, needs to understand the basics of these diseases and how they are inherited. For a puppy buyer, it is important to remember that for a simple autosomal recessive disease, such as juvenile dilated cardiomyopathy in PWDs, a carrier of the disease is a perfectly healthy pet. Buyers also need to understand that for a disease that is inherited in this way, a breeder who breeds a carrier to a normal dog will not produce the disease and may be making this decision to help preserve the long term genetic health of their line and the breed as a whole. In fact, it has been shown that by quickly eliminating animals that are carriers or affected by a genetic disease, the genetic diversity of the breed is reduced and the incidence of other diseases is increased. Breeders utilize genetic tests as one factor in making well informed breeding decisions and puppy buyers can also utilize them to become well educated consumers in their effort to find a healthy new addition to their family.
Genetic Testing and Genetic Counseling in Pet and Breeding ..
Genetic Testing for Dogs - San Bruno Pet Hospital
This is an exciting time with amazing advances in veterinary medicine. The area of molecular genetics has become one of the hottest areas of research bringing the development of genetic testing to dog breeders. So why as a pet owner is this information important? Many pet owners are looking for a happy, healthy pet to add to their family. Because they are not interested in breeding, many mistakenly feel that they do not need to learn about genetic testing. Many of these people also fall into the trap of impulse buying, by purchasing a dog in a pet store or via an internet puppy broker. Many impulse purchases lack research into the health and temperament of the pedigree and these new owners can only hope that the dice will roll in their favor with a happy, healthy pet. Genetic testing offers the opportunity for many people to become more informed consumers. After all, would you consider buying a car, sight unseen, with no history? Then, why would you not put in the same, if not more effort, into investigating a new addition to your family that you will trust to sleep in your child’s bed? Some pet parents want a dog DNA test for their own edification, wanting to settle bets or simply snag that “I ♥ My ” license plate you’ve been eyeing. Keep in mind that even the DNA test’s final results may be inconclusive. Each brand of test has a different database of breeds and method of matching genetic markers. If your pet is a true mutt, containing two or more breeds of dog, a definitive result may not be found.